未来车辆对轮胎市场的影响

2020-6-13 16:48:38

根据Smithers数据研究机构最近发布的一项研究,汽车行业可能会从销售和服务车辆,转变为提供人员和货物运输解决方案出行行业。

The automotive industry likely will shift from selling and servicing vehicles to become a mobility industry that offers transportation solutions for people and goods, according to a study released recently by Smithers.

这份题为《自动驾驶汽车对轮胎的影响到2029年》的研究指出,电动化、自动驾驶汽车技术和共享移动性如何导致轮胎技术的发展,并重新定义汽车市场。

The study, titled "Impact of Autonomous Vehicles in Tires to 2029," notes how electrification, autonomous vehicle technology and shared mobility are leading to the evolution of tire technology and redefining the vehicle market.

然而,在全面自动驾驶技术被广泛采用之前,还有一些重大的障碍需要克服。2029,这些自动驾驶技术的汽车在新车销量中所占比例将相对较小,在全球汽车保有量中所占比例甚至会更小。但是小型班车、送货车和卡车车队可能是例外。根据Smithers报告,到2029年,使用自动驾驶技术的车辆的轮胎数量也不会很大,并且主要OE

There are, however, significant hurdles to overcome before full AVs can be widely adopted. These vehicles will make up a relatively small part of new vehicle sales, and an even smaller part of the global vehicle parc by 2029. Small shuttles, delivery vans and truck platooning are possible exceptions. In relation, the number of tires supplied for AV vehicles by 2029 will be small and predominately original equipment, according to the Smithers report.

2029年,自动驾驶汽车使用的轮胎数量将达到3.89亿,包括乘用车、轻型卡车、轻型商用车和卡车/巴士轮胎。这些轮胎的价值预计将超过470亿美元,预计将占2029轿车胎/轻卡胎/轻型商用胎以及全钢轮胎市场总量的15%左右。

By 2029, Smithers said, the number of tires for autonomous vehicles will reach 389 million, accounting for passenger cars, light trucks, light commercial vehicle and truck/bus tires. The value of these tires are expected to be more than $47 billion, and should account for about 15 percent of the predicted PC/LT/LCV + T&B tire market volume in 2029.

关于自动驾驶车辆用的轮胎类型 Tire types

Smithers进行了一项关于自动驾驶是否会需要使用机动性轮胎的意见调查,如果选项为是的话,那么将会使用哪一种——缺气保用或自密封轮胎

Smithers conducted a survey of opinions on whether AVs will advance the use of extended mobility tires, and if so, which optionrunflat or self sealingwill be used.

虽然非充气轮胎不是必不可少的,但非充气轮胎具有防刺穿性能,并具有较强的机动性较少的维护。 Smithers指出,它们非充气轮胎可能会更适合在城市环境中使用自动驾驶技术的车辆,尤其是自动出租车。

While not essential for AVs, non-pneumatic tires are puncture proof and offer extended mobility and less maintenance. They may benefit AVs used in urban environments, especially autonomous taxi fleets, noted Smithers.

但是,调查显示,业内受访者的观点参差不齐其中包括大量观点认为,更谨慎地使用轮胎无疑将减少车辆故障并减少对车辆高机动性的需求。

However, the poll revealed mixed expectations from industry respondents, including the viewpoint from a significant number that more careful tire use by AVs will reduce failure and decrease the need for extended mobility solutions.

与此同时,通用汽车和米其林(Michelin)正计划开始销售一款配备无气轮胎的电动汽车其中的Uptis轮胎是由米其林(Tweel)开发的,预计将在2024年推出,随后将推出完全自主的版本。

Meanwhile, a collaboration between GM and Michelin is planning to begin commercial sales of an electric car with an airless tire. Uptis, a development of Michelin's Tweelis expected by 2024 and a fully autonomous version is slated to follow.

研究报告称,如果这些研究开发取得成功,最终将对轮胎技术产生重大影响,包括材料、施工方法、设备和售后服务。

If successful, such moves eventually will have a major impact on tire technology, including materials, construction methods and equipment and after-sales service, according to the research report.


Source:ERJ

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